MAP

Monday, 29 February 2016

NASA’s IBEX Observations Pin Down Interstellar Magnetic Field - Feb. 26, 2016

A. “The origin of the so-called IBEX ribbon was unknown – but its very existence opened doors to observing what lies outside our solar system, the way drops of rain on a window tell you more about the weather outside.”

 2nd OPINION: 

The origin of IBEX ribbon is KNOWN. I can EXPLAIN it by my hypothesis “Theory of everything on the basis of Dark atom & Dark energy.

 Reference:

1.  “OUT OF BOX THINKING’ IS ESSENTIAL IN BASIC SCIENCE” written on 20th, June’ 2013

What you say when a SINGLE “GARBAGE TYPE OF CONCEPT” explain / re-explain the following-
“Formation of Planet, Satellite, Asteroid Belt, Kuiper Belt…..”


1.  Blog written on 10th, April’ 2013

In my view- HELIOPAUSE is a neutral zone where the resultant force [PUSHING] of all the nearby stars of the galaxy is zero & temperature is lowest.


2.  GRAVITY"- a PUSHING FORCE [-a "Layman concept of Unified Dark Energy"]” sent on 17th, Aug.’2013 to world’s on of the reputed Journal ‘General Relativity and Gravitation. Unfortunately it was rejected due to lack of Scientific language but now it VERY IMPORTANT for new science i.e. UNIVERSAL SCIENCE [Explained by me in my oral presentation  in Vietnam also]

               Manuscript no. - GERG-D-13-00356


4. My oral presentation on “Regeneration of Star & formation of a Solar system – a Potter man's concept” in International Science conference [“Planetary System – a synergistic view”] at Vietnam [19th-25th, July’15]



B.   “– which lies at the very edge of the giant magnetic bubble”

         2nd OPINION: 

Magnetism is nothing; it is the effects of Dark energy.         

 Reference:        

1.  “THEORY of EVERYTHING”- 1st step on the basis of Dark Energy & Dark Matter” written on 24th, Jan.’ 2015

Point no. 4, 22 & 26


2, My oral presentation on “Regeneration of Star & formation of a Solar system – a Potter man's concept” in International Science conference [“Planetary System – a synergistic view”] at Vietnam [19th-25th , July’15]


C. “particles streaming in from the ribbon are actually solar material reflected back at us after a long journey to the edges of the sun’s magnetic boundaries.” 

2nd OPINION: 

I CONTRADICT,, MOSTLY it is NOT. It is the MIXTURE of all …. Coming from different sources due to PARTICULAR condition [explained in my presentation]

Reference: 

1. It is the part of my oral presentation on “Regeneration of Star & formation of a Solar system – a Potter man's concept” in International Science conference [“Planetary System – a synergistic view”] at Vietnam [19th-25th, July’15]

2. "GRAVITY"- a PUSHING FORCE [-a "Layman concept of Unified Dark Energy"]” sent on 17th, Aug.’2013 to one of the reputed Journal ‘General Relativity and Gravitation


D.  “The sun’s constant outflow of ionized gas, known as plasma. When these particles reach the edges of the Heliosphere,   their motion becomes more complicated. 

2nd OPINION: 

HOW & WHY they IONISED?  Their motions are not COMPLICATED. Elements become naked before reaching Heliosphere. In Heliosphere it again wears the same cloth but soon they lose it due to dullness [due to ….] again. But luckily they got the cloth of alien counterpart. But to catch it they have to change the direction also. REASON of all this can be infers from my oral presentation in Vietnam.

Reference: 

1.  “Regeneration of Star & formation of a Solar system – a Potter   man's concept” in International Sc. conference [“Planetary System – a synergistic view”] at Vietnam [19th-25th , July’15] 
  
2. “GRAVITY"- a PUSHING FORCE [-a "Layman concept of Unified Dark Energy"]” sent on 17th, Aug.’2013 to world’s on of the reputed Journal ‘General Relativity and Gravitation.


E. “Outside the Heliosphere lies the interstellar medium, with plasma that has different speed, density, and temperature than solar wind plasma, as well as neutral gases.”

2nd OPINION: 

I ALREADY MENTIONED IN MY PRESENTATION ON 24TH, JULY’2015 IN TERM OF DARK ENERGY

Reference: 

1.  Regeneration of Star & formation of a Solar system – a Potter man's concept” in International Science conference [“Planetary System – a synergistic view”] at Vietnam [19th-25th, July’15]

 
 F. “For instance, simulations show that the most energetic particles come from a different region of space than the least energetic particles, which gives clues as to how the interstellar magnetic field interacts with the heliosphere.”

2nd OPINION:

How the particles become most & least energetic? I already mentioned in my presentation on 24th, July ’2015 in term of dark energy

 Reference: 

1.  Regeneration of Star & formation of a Solar system – a Potter man's concept” in International Science conference [“Planetary System – a synergistic view”] at Vietnam [19th-25th, July’15] 

Everything related to it can be explained by the “THEORY OF EVERYTHING – on the basis if Dark Atom & Dark Energy”

I am not claiming that “I AM THE ONLY GAME IN THE TOWN”. But I am sure that “MY RULE WILL CHANGE THE GAME”.

My work is important because I'm thinking out of box, I am looking the Universe from another window (of Dark Matter & Dark Energy) while our scientific window is different but on many topic we are drawing the same picture of universe.[www.swarajgroups.blogspot.in]





Immediately after its 2008 launch, NASA’s Interstellar Boundary Explorer, or IBEX, spotted a curiosity in a thin slice of space: More particles streamed in through a long, skinny swath in the sky than anywhere else. The origin of the so-called IBEX ribbon was unknown – but its very existence opened doors to observing what lies outside our solar system, the way drops of rain on a window tell you more about the weather outside.
Now, a new study uses IBEX data and simulations of the interstellar boundary – which lies at the very edge of the giant magnetic bubble surrounding our solar system called the heliosphere – to better describe space in our galactic neighborhood. The paper, published Feb. 8, 2016, in The Astrophysical Journal Letters, precisely determines the strength and direction of the magnetic field outside the heliosphere. Such information gives us a peek into the magnetic forces that dominate the galaxy beyond, teaching us more about our home in space.
The new paper is based on one particular theory of the origin of the IBEX ribbon, in which the particles streaming in from the ribbon are actually solar material reflected back at us after a long journey to the edges of the sun’s magnetic boundaries. A giant bubble, known as the heliosphere, exists around the sun and is filled with what’s called solar wind, the sun’s constant outflow of ionized gas, known as plasma. When these particles reach the edges of the heliosphere, their motion becomes more complicated.  
“The theory says that some solar wind protons are sent flying back towards the sun as neutral atoms after a complex series of charge exchanges, creating the IBEX ribbon,” said Eric Zirnstein, a space scientist at the Southwest Research Institute in San Antonio, Texas, and lead author on the study. “Simulations and IBEX observations pinpoint this process – which takes anywhere from three to six years on average – as the most likely origin of the IBEX ribbon.”
Outside the heliosphere lies the interstellar medium, with plasma that has different speed, density, and temperature than solar wind plasma, as well as neutral gases. These materials interact at the heliosphere’s edge to create a region known as the inner heliosheath, bounded on the inside by the termination shock – which is more than twice as far from us as the orbit of Pluto – and on the outside by the heliopause, the boundary between the solar wind and the comparatively dense interstellar medium.
Some solar wind protons that flow out from the sun to this boundary region will gain an electron, making them neutral and allowing them to cross the heliopause. Once in the interstellar medium, they can lose that electron again, making them gyrate around the interstellar magnetic field. If those particles pick up another electron at the right place and time, they can be fired back into the heliosphere, travel all the way back toward Earth, and collide with IBEX’s detector. The particles carry information about all that interaction with the interstellar magnetic field, and as they  hit the detector they can give us unprecedented insight into the characteristics of that region of space.
“Only Voyager 1 has ever made direct observations of the interstellar magnetic field, and those are close to the heliopause, where it’s distorted,” said Zirnstein. “But this analysis provides a nice determination of its strength and direction farther out.”
The directions of different ribbon particles shooting back toward Earth are determined by the characteristics of the interstellar magnetic field. For instance, simulations show that the most energetic particles come from a different region of space than the least energetic particles, which gives clues as to how the interstellar magnetic field interacts with the heliosphere.
For the recent study, such observations were used to seed simulations of the ribbon’s origin. Not only do these simulations correctly predict the locations of neutral ribbon particles at different energies, but the deduced interstellar magnetic field agrees with Voyager 1 measurements, the deflection of interstellar neutral gases, and observations of distant polarized starlight.
However, some early simulations of the interstellar magnetic field don’t quite line up. Those pre-IBEX estimates were based largely on two data points – the distances at which Voyagers 1 and 2 crossed the termination shock.  
“Voyager 1 crossed the termination shock at 94 astronomical units, or AU, from the sun, and Voyager 2 at 84 AU,” said Zirnstein. One AU is equal to about 93 million miles, the average distance between Earth and the sun. “That difference of almost 930 million miles was mostly explained by a strong, very tilted interstellar magnetic field pushing on the heliosphere.” 
But that difference may be accounted for by considering a stronger influence from the solar cycle, which can lead to changes in the strength of the solar wind and thus change the distance to the termination shock in the directions of Voyager 1 and 2. The two Voyager spacecraft made their measurements almost three years apart, giving plenty of time for the variable solar wind to change the distance of the termination shock.
“Scientists in the field are developing more sophisticated models of the time-dependent solar wind,” said Zirnstein.
The simulations generally jibe well with the Voyager data.
“The new findings can be used to better understand how our space environment interacts with the interstellar environment beyond the heliopause,” said Eric Christian, IBEX program scientist at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, who was not involved in this study. “In turn, understanding that interaction could help explain the mystery of what causes the IBEX ribbon once and for all.”
The Southwest Research Institute leads IBEX with teams of national and international partners. NASA Goddard manages the Explorers Program for the agency’s Heliophysics Division within the Science Mission Directorate in Washington.
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Last Updated: Feb. 26, 2016
Editor: Rob Garner

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